Listening for the Overall Structure of Songs
Listening for musical structure often involves moving from the big picture to the details. If you are new to listening to music in these ways, check out the following videos and articles for more background and practice:
LISTENING FOR SONG FORMS AND STRUCTURES
Listening for and Counting Beats and Measures
LISTENING TO AND COUNTING BEATS
FIGURING OUT TEMPO IN BEATS PER MINUTE
Use the above web app to figure out your song’s tempo in beats per minute. Pop, rock and dance music is almost always between 60 and 140 beats per minute. If you’re getting a tempo outside of this range, try tapping half as fast or twice as fast.
Listening for and Graphing Entrances and Exits of Individual Sound Sources
LISTENING FOR MUSICAL LAYERS AND TEXTURE
The EchoNest's Infinite Jukebox is an innovative tool for using the computer to literally play with the structure of your favorite music. If you haven't had the chance to load your favorite song into it, take a few minutes, load it up and play around. Check out this article by the developer of the Infinite Jukebox - Paul Lamere from The Echo Nest - to learn more.